• Helen Levana Thedjakusuma Universitas Pelita Harapan
  • Christina NM Tobing Universitas Pelita Harapan


Independent and impartial, Ad hoc Judges, Industrial Relations Court


The Industrial Relations Court was established to adjudicate industrial relations disputes, for this purpose an ad-hoc judge was appointed proposed by the Trade Union/Labor Union and an ad-hoc judge proposed by the Indonesian Employers' Association. The purpose of this study is to find out the factors that can influence ad-hoc judges at the Courts of Industrial Relations (PHI) not being able to act independently and impartially in carrying out their duties and authorities.

The research method used is normative-empirical. This study uses primary data, namely the results of interviews with union officials, the Indonesian Employers' Association and ad-hoc judges at the Industrial Relations Court. Secondary data is in the form of related laws and regulations, expert opinion, research results and legal theory. This study uses a conceptual approach (conceptual approach).

The results of the study, there are several factors that can influence the independent and impartial attitudes of ad-hoc judges at the Courts of Industrial Relations (PHI), namely internal and external factors. The internal factors contained in the ad-hoc judge are: the moral attachment of the ad-hoc judge to the proposing organization, where there is Article 67 paragraph (1) of the PPHI Law which regulates the proposing organization can request an ad-hoc judge to be dismissed from his duties and position. Another factor is the different perspectives of ad-hoc judges when deciding in deliberations of the panel of judges, external factors, namely things outside the ad-hoc judge's self in the form of: the general public considers ad-hoc judges to represent their proponents and placement of ad-hoc judges in the area of ​​origin of the proposer and the confusion of the status and position of ad-hoc judges at the Courts of Industrial Relations (PHI) as part of the judges at the Supreme Court institution.


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